Shark and Ray ID Guide

Sharks and rays (elasmobranchs) are an amazing group of animals that have evolved over hundreds of millions of years into the diverse assemblage that we have today. They have adapted to thrive in virtually every saltwater body large enough to accommodate them. Some have even managed to overcome the problems associated with living in freshwater and colonized  the great rivers of the tropics.

Please enjoy the shark pictures and information contained on our ever expanding database of shark and ray species.

Take away and share a renewed desire to help these incredible creatures survive in an increasingly hostile environment.

Selachimorpha: Sharks

Order: CARCHARHINIFORMES
Hammerheads, Requiem Sharks, Houndsharks and Catsharks

Family: CARCHARHINIDAE — Requiem sharks

Family: SCYLIORHINIDAE — Catsharks

Family: SPHYRNIDAE — Hammerhead sharks

Family: TRIAKIDAE — Houndsharks and Smoothhound Sharks

Batoidea: Rays

Order: MYLIOBATIFORMES
Whiptail Stingrays, Round Stingrays and Stingarees, Deepwater Stingrays, Freshwater Stingrays, Butterfly Rays, Sixgill Stingrays, Eagle Rays, Cownose Rays, and Devil Rays

Family: AETOBATIDAE — Eagle Rays

Family: DASYATIDAE — Whiptail Stingrays

The biology and behavior of Whiptail Stingrays

Family: GYMNURIDAE — Butterfly Rays

Family: MOBULIDAE — Devil Rays

Atlantic Devilray
Mobula hypostoma

Munk’s Devil Ray
Mobula munkiana

Bentfin Devil Ray
Mobula thurstoni

Family: MYLIOBATIDAE — Bat Rays

Common Eagle Ray
Myliobatis aquila

Southern Bat Ray
Myliobatis australis

California Bat Ray
Myliobatis californicus

Family: POTAMOTRYGONIDAE — Neotropical River Stingrays

The biology and evolution of River Stingrays

River Stingray Characteristics

Vermiculate River Stingray
Potomotrygon castexi

Motoro River Stingray
Potamotrygon motoro

Rosette River Stingray
Potamotrygon schroederi

Atlantic Chupare Stingray
Styacura schmardae

Family: PLATYRHINIDAE — Thornback Rays

Thornback Ray
Platyrhinoidis triseriata

Yellowspotted Fanray
Platyrhina tangi

Family: RHINOPTERIDAE — Cownose Rays

Atlantic Cownose Ray
Rhinoptera bonasus

Family: UROLOPHIDAE — Stingarees of the Indo-Pacific Region

Striped Stingaree
Trygonoptera ovalis

Masked Stingaree
Trygonoptera personata

Common Stingaree
Trygonoptera testacea

Sepia Stingray
Urolophus aurantiacus

Circular Stingaree
Urolophus circularis

Spotted Stingaree
Urolophus gigas

Kapala Stingaree
Urolophus kapalensis

Family: UROTRYGONIDAE — Round Stingrays of the Americas

Bullseye Stingray
Urobatis concentricus

Round Stingray
Urobatis halleri

Yellow Stingray
Urobatis jamaicensis

Cortez Round Stingray
Urobatis maculatus

Leopard Round Stingray
Urobatis pardalis

Rogers Roundray
Urotrygon rogersi

Order: RAJIFORMES
Skates, Smooth Skates, Leg Skates, and Pygmy Skates

Family: RAJIDAE — Skates

Thorny Skate
Ambyraja radiata

Barndoor Skate
Dipturus laevis

Little Skate
Leucoraja erinacea

Smooth Skate
Malacoraja senta

Big Skate
Raja binoculata

Thornback Skate
Raja clavata

Clearnose Skate
Raja eglanteria

Winter Skate
Raja ocellata

Longnose Skate
Raja rhina

Starry Skate
Raja stellulata

Rasptail Skate
Rostroraja velezi

Shorttail Fanskate
Sympterygia brevicaudata

Order: RHINOPRISTIFORMES
Guitarfishes, Sawfishes, Fanrays, and Panrays

Family: PRISTIDAE — Sawfishes

Freshwater Sawfish
Pristis microdon

Smalltooth Sawfish
Pristis pectinata

Green Sawfish
Pristis zijsron

Family: RHINIDAE — Bowmouth Guitarfishes

Bowmouth Guitarfish
Rhina ancylostoma

Whitespotted Guitarfish
Rhynchobatus australiae

Family: RHINOBATIDAE — Guitarfishes

Eastern Shovelnose Ray
Aptychotrema rostrata

Halavi Guitarfish
Glaucostegus halavi

Atlantic Guitarfish
Rhinobatos lentiginosus

Gorgona Guitarfish
Rhinobatos prahli

Shovelnose Guitarfish
Rhinobatos productos

Yellow Guitarfish
Rhinobatos schlegelii

Banded Guitarfish
Zaperyx exasperata

Order: TORPEDINIFORMES
Torpedo Rays, Coffin Rays, Electric Rays, and Sleeper Rays

Family: NARCINIDAE — Electric Rays

Bulls-eye Electric Ray
Diplobatus ommata

Apron Ray
Discopyge tschudii

Lesser Electric Ray
Narcine bancrofti

Cortez Electric Ray
Narcine entemedor

Family: TORPEDINIDAE — Torpedo Rays

Pacific Torpedo Ray
Tetronarce californica

Marbled Torpedo Ray
Torpedo marmorata

Family: NARKIDAE — Sleeper Rays

Japanese Sleeper Ray
Narke japonica

Family: HYPNIDAE — Coffin Rays

Coffin Ray
Hypnos monopterygium

Holocephali: Chimaeras

Order: CHIMAERIIFORMES
Longnose and Shortnose Chimaeras and Elephantfishes

Family CHIMAERIDAE — Shortnose Chimaeras

Spotted Ratfish
Hydrolagus colliei

Rabbitfish
Chimaera montstrosa

Shark trips